Ana Margarida Anjo, Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave, Portugal, Bruno Sousa, Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave, Portugal, Vasco Santos, Instituto Superior de Gestão e Administração de Santarém, Portugal, Álvaro Lopes Dias, Universidade Lusófona, Portugal & Marco Valeri, Niccolò Cusano University, Italy
Published online: 18 October 2021, JTHSM, 7(2), pp.58-67.
Margarida Anjo, A., Sousa, B., Santos, V., Lopes Dias, A., & Valeri, M. (2021). Lisbon as a literary tourism site: Εssays of a digital map of Pessoa as a new trigger. Journal of Tourism, Heritage & Services Marketing, 7(2), 58–67. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5550663
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the potential of literary tourism in Portugal and explore the advantages of creating a digital literary map about the places associated with the widely renowned Portuguese author Fernando Pessoa (hereafter Pessoa), as well as the places that he suggests in one of his works, a tourist guide of Lisbon: What the Tourist Should See (1925).
Methods: Firstly, a study of the state of art of the key concepts was made in order to apply them in the second part, the methodology, in the case of studying Lisbon from Pessoa’s perspective. Then, allying personal taste for the writer/author with interest in cultural promotion gave rise to a digital literary map of Pessoa’s Lisbon. Methodologically, a questionnaire was applied covering a sample of 173 valid literary tourists.
Results: Literary tourism should be an object of in-depth studies, as it tends to be beneficial for cultural promotion of tourist destinations and products, specifically for literary tourists. Further limitations, implications and future suggestions of this study are provided.
Implications: This paper is the first to empirically test literary tourism, proposing a digital literary tourism map. Regarding the main findings, there is high interest from literary tourists in exploring the literary places associated with Pessoa, physically or digitally.
Keywords: digital tourism, literary tourism; literary map; Fernando Pessoa
JEL Classification: L83, Z30, M00